Blanco Art Collection

David Alfaro Siqueiros

Zapata by Alfaro Siqueiros

Media: Lithographs
Themes: The founders and inspiring spirits of the TGP

David Alfaro Siqueiros was born in Chihuahua, Mexico. His maternal grandfather was a politician and a poet who fought with the Juarez army against the Hapsburg’s Imperial Rule. Siqueiros initiated his art studies at the San Carlos Academy. In 1913 he abandoned his studies which were interrupted by the revolt of Victoriano Huerta against President Madero, and became a journalist working at the newspaper “La Vanguardia”. He joined the Constitutionalist Army, participating in many battles. Siqueiros became staff to General Diegues who was the Commander of West Forces of the Mexican Army.

After the revolution he was sent to Europe to continue his art studies by express instructions from the first Head Revolutionary , Venustiano Carranza.

Siqueiros visited Spain, France, Belgium and Italy. There he became a friend of Diego Rivera. While in Barcelona, Spain, he was published in the magazine Vida Americana in 1921. It was in a revolutionary art article where he presented his “Three orientation calls to the new generation of Artist Painters and Sculptors of America”. This theory became very important to the development of the monumental Mexican Art and was a a novel approach to the arts in the post-Dadaism, movement developed between Cubism (1914) and the advent of Surrealism in (1915).

Siqueiros returned to Mexico together with other Mexican artists studying in Europe, such as Orozco, Rivera, Leal, Revueltas. He founded a Union called “Syndicate of Revolutionary Painters Sculptors and Printers of Mexico”. Together with Rivera he founded a newspaper “El Machete”, which found great acceptance in Mexico resulting in massive publications. In 1932, he traveled to the USA and studied art at Chouinard School. From that moment Siqueiros initiated a career that ends only with his death.

In 1936 he found a Workshop he called “Siqueiros’ Experimental Environments for the Plastic Materials”. There, Jackson Pollock would research plastics and be given his initiation of the “Abstract Expressionism” or “Action Painting”.

Siqueiros did not joint the TGP, however, his more important lithograph productions were printed at TGP. It is unmistake, that the orgins of printing of modern Mexican art goes hand in hand, directly or indirectly with the Taller de Grafica Popular.

August 27, 2008

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Pablo O’Higgins (1904-1983)

La Carreta by Pablo O'HigginsMedia: Lithographs
Themes:
The founders and inspiring spirits of the TGP

Pablo O’Higgins was born in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. Not well known in the United States, his native country, he has never had the well deserved recognition there. Some writers do not consider him well known even in Mexico, even though his Mexican citizenship was given to him by Presidential Decree.

Pablo was a great artist who never looked for the fame and glamour that many artists look for. He was an excellent artist, with a great sensibility for the problems people face in everyday life. His sensibility is beyond doubt. He painted life as it was. His lithograph representing the life of the sugarcane workers which he painted in Hawaii when this crop was produced there, is proof of this talent.

Pablo O’Higgins arrived in Mexico City in 1926. Why he chose Mexico is a good story. He was already a good piano player who had given recitals and concerts, from an early age, and who could have had a very successful career in the USA when read about Diego Rivera. The master muralist was working there as an artist. He wrote to Diego indicating to him his desire to work under him. Diego welcomed him, not realizing he was acquiring a talented and very sensitive artist.

O’Higgins actually told his father he didn’t want to study anymore. When his father asked him why, Pablo replied that like many other young Americans, he wanted to work to save money, in order to be able study with Diego Rivera. His father did not allow him to waste time working and gave him $100 dollars. That was all the cash he had in hand when he left for Mexico. That was all the financial support his father ever gave him.

In Mexico his career took off. He painted the people he respected… the ordinary, hard-working Mexican campesinos and workers, people he called the “Real Mexicans”.

Celia Calderón

La Muneca by Celia Calderon

Media: Lithographs
Themes: Mexicanidad

Celia Calderón was born in Mexico City in 1921. She died there in 1969.

Between 1942-1944 she studied at the Escuela Nacional de Artes Plasticas. In 1944 she received a scholarship for graduate work in La Escuela de Artes del Libro at UNAM, Mexico City.

From 1946 she became a teacher in Art Education. In 1947 she was a founding member of the Mexican Society of Printers. In 1950 she had her first individual exhibit.

She was granted a fellowship from the British Council for one year’s studies at the Slade Art School in London. In 1952 she traveled to France and Italy.

She joined the Taller de Grafica Popular in 1952. In 1953 and 1959 she was Director of Exhibits at the TGP.

In 1957 traveled to USSR and China. In Peking she presented an individual exhibit.

In 1963 she was elected President of the TGP. She resigned from the TGP IN 1965. She was also a member of the Salon de la Plastica Mexicana.

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April 20, 2008

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Elizabeth Catlett Mora

Nino Bolero- Elizabeth CatlettMedia: Lithographs
Themes: Mexicanidad

Elizabeth Catlett Mora ( April 15, 1915 –
April 2, 2012) was born in Washington, D.C. 

In 1936, she graduated from Howard University in Washington with a BA in Art. In 1940 she obtained a Master’s Degree in Art from the University of Iowa. She also studied ceramic in the Art Institute of Chicago, lithography at the Art Students League in New York as well as sculpture under Ossip Zadkine and Grant Wood, also in New York.

She taught sculpture at Praire View College in Texas, at Williard University, in New Orleans, La. and at Hampton Institute in Virginia.

In 1939, in Iowa, she held her first individual Exhibit. She participated in the “American Negro Exbition” in Chicago.

Between 1945-1947 she was awarded a fellowishp from the Julius Rosewald Foundation. She taught with Charles White, in Louisiana, Virginia and Georgia.

In 1946 traveled to Mexico and joined the Taller de Grafica Popular and married Francisco Mora. She became Director of Fine Arts at the Escuela Nacional de Artes Plasticas.

In 1962 she traveled to Cuba.

She became the TGP’S General S ecretary in 1963. She resigned from the TGP in 1965.

She has received a great number of awards, honors, and homages in Mexico as well as in the United States.

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Elena Huerta

El Amate by Elena HuertaMedia: Lithographs
Themes: Mexicanidad

Elena Huerta

was born in Saltillo, Coahuila in 1908.

In 1921 she initiaded her studies in the Academy of Saltillo under Ruben Herrera. Between 1929 to 33 she studied at San Carlos Academy, under Carlos Merida. That same year she particpated in the chidren’s theater “Guiñol”.

From 1934 to 1937 was a member and founder of LEAR, and theater director for the League.

In 1939 she was a guest member to the TGP. She lived in the USSR from 1941 to 1946. In 1948 joined the TGP as a full member.

She was Director of the Guadalupe Posada, and Jose Clemente Orozco galleries. She painted her first mural in 1951 in Saltillo, Coahuila.

She traveled to China in 1957 and to Cuba in 1962.She partcipated in great number of exhibits in Mexico and around the world.

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Maria Luisa Martín

Mujer en Cinta by Maira Luis Martin

 

Media: Lithographs
Themes: Mexicanidad

Maria Luisa Martín was a refugee from Spain who emigrated to Mexico in 1939. In 1944 she enrolled in La Esmeralda Academy.

She had her first solo exhibition in 1950. She assisted Diego Rivera in the painting of the murals at Ciudad Universitaria (campus of the Mexican National Autonomus University), and at the Insurgentes Theater.

From 1950 to 1953 she was a guest artist at the Taller de Gráfica Popular . From 1955 to 1965 she was a full member of TGP.

She traveled to Eastern Europe and China. She taught Art-Drawing- at the School of Arquitecture at the Universidad Autonoma de Mexico.

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Adolfo Mexiac

Viendo una Vaqueria by Adolfo MexiacMedia: Lithographs
Themes: Mexicanidad

Adolfo Mexiac was born August 7, 1927 in Esperanza Michoacan. He lives in Cuernavaca, Mexico.

He studied art at the Michocan’ Academy of Art between 1944 to 1946; and in the San Carlos Academy, in Mexico City from 1947 to 1956.

He was a memeber of TGP from 1950 to 1959. In the year of 1955 he was reponsible for TGP finances, and in 1956 he was in charge of the projects for TGP.

He lived in Chiapas from 1953 to 1954 where he worked on diferent artistic proyects for The Indigenous Institute (Native Mexicans Institute); also in that state he had his first solo exhibition.

In two cosecutive years 1957 and 1958, he won first prize at the Salon de la Grafica (Graphics Annual Contest)

In 1964 he made two wood cut works on Mahogany tree, 6 square meters size, for the National Anthropological Institute, he also worked on a great number of design of graphic projects for the Workers’ Union magazine “Ceteme”, for text books, and for the journal publication of the Instituo Nacional Indigenista.

In 2007 he celebrated his 80th birthday in Mexico City’s Coyoacan district with an Retrospective
Exhibit and new works. It was attended by the Cultural and Art world celebrities from Mexico, and delegations from the United States.

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Mercedes Quevedo

Ofrenda de Paz by Mercedes Quevedo.

Media: Lithographs
Themes: Mexicanidad

Mercedes Quevedo joined the Taller de Gráfica Popular in 1958. In 1963 she held the post of Finance Secretary to The TGP. She left the group in 1965.

She worked mostly on Posters and Calaveras. Her famous poster is a portrait of Emiliano Zapata made on silk.

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Rina Lazo

Prisioneras Politicas by Rina LazosMedia: Lithographs
Themes: The Social and Political Awareness

Rina Lazo was born in Guatemala City. While attending the Academy of Fine Arts in Guatemala, she won a scholarship to study painting in Mexico. Rina attended La Esmerelda School of Painting and Sculpture, where faculty members included Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo.

She mastered engraving techniques under Leopoldo Mendez, Pablo O’Higgins and her future husband, Arturo García Bustos, while assisting at the Taller de Grafica Popular.

In 1947, Rina began work with Rivera on the fresco Paseo Dominical en la Alameda, in the Hotel del Prado. She assisted on numerous projects including the mural in the Lerma Water Intake Station, in Chapultepec, and the mosaic of natural rock at the Olympic Stadium at the University of Mexico. Their association lasted 10 years, until his death in 1957.

Diego once wrote, “Rina Lazo, a painter of great talent. My beloved friend, my right hand… the best of my assistants.” Rivera also stated that Rina possessed a manner “that allowed her to collaborate with me to the point that later, I could not distinguish, on my own fresco, the areas that I had painted…”

Murals by Rina are on public display throughout Mexico and Guatemala. In 1948, she painted the mural, Zapata, at the Primary School in Morelos. The following year, she completed The Four Elements in Mexico City. In 1953, Rina painted the fresco Tierra Fertil at the Museum of the University of San Carlos of Guatemala.

In 1966, she reproduced paintings from the ruins of the temple at Bonampak. At the ruins, she made drawings of the Mayan images, then faithfully reproduced them as frescos, in a replica of the temple constructed in the garden outside of the Maya Salon, at the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City. Her mural, Venerable Abuelo Maiz, prominently displayed in the Maya Salon, was inaugurated in 1994.

Her work is part of permanent collections in Mexico, including the University of Contemporary Art and the Museum of the State of Mexico; and in Guatemala, at the University Museum of San Carlos and the Museum of Modern Art.

Media: Lithographs  Themes: The Social and Political Awareness

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Moshe Gat

PescadoresMedia: Lithographs
Themes: Mexicanidad

Moshe Gat was born in 1936 in Haifa, before the formation of the State of Isarel, where he lives now.

From 1951 to 1952 he studied in Art Schools of Haifa and Jerusalem. In 1953 he was awarded the Betzabel scholarship. In 1957 he had his first individual exposition in Tel Aviv, and in several KIBUZZIM. He also was awarded the Israel American Foundation Scholarship. In 1958 he went on a study tour in Europe.

During 1958 and 1960 he resided in Mexico, where he joined the TGP and had an exhibition at the Museo de Arte Moderno. In 1961 he had exhibition in New York, City.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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